Liana Baker, Giles Turner, Sarah McBride and Ruth David (Bloomberg) -- Arm Ltd., the semiconductor designer owned by SoftBank Group Corp., is attracting takeover interest from graphics chipmaker Nvidia Corp., people with knowledge of the matter said.
Nvidia made an approach in recent weeks about a potential deal for Cambridge, England-based Arm, according to the people. Other potential bidders could also emerge, the people said, asking not to be identified because the information is private.
SoftBank, led by billionaire Masayoshi Son, is exploring options to sell part or all of its stake in Arm through a private deal or public stock listing, Bloomberg News reported this month. Nvidia’s interest may not lead to a deal, and SoftBank may still opt to pursue a listing, the people said.
A deal for Arm could become the biggest-ever acquisition in the chip industry, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Arm is owned by SoftBank and its $100 billion Vision Fund. The Japanese group bought Arm, which at the time was the U.K.’s largest listed technology company, for about $32 billion in 2016.
Representatives for SoftBank, Arm and Nvidia declined to comment.
Since SoftBank acquired Arm four years ago, the Philadelphia Stock Exchange Semiconductor Index has rallied 185% as investors pour money into an industry they’re betting will grow rapidly, fueled by new markets and technologies such as automotive and artificial intelligence.
Shares of Nvidia have risen almost eightfold over the same period, and are up 76% this year through Tuesday, giving it a market value of about $254 billion. They rose about 1% in New York trading Wednesday. The Santa Clara, California-based company has segued its dominance of graphics chips used by gamers into new areas such as data center AI processing, as well as a foothold in the nascent market for systems that will run self-driving cars.
Those moves have made the company a bigger threat to a broader range of companies, including Intel Corp., Qualcomm Inc. and Advanced Micro Devices Inc. -- all of which license Arm’s technology. Earlier in July, Nvidia briefly surpassed Intel in market value.
SoftBank previously owned a stake in Nvidia, having quietly amassed $4 billion of shares in 2017, people with knowledge of the matter said at the time. The Japanese firm said in early 2019 that the Vision Fund had sold off all of its Nvidia holding.
Son’s sprawling empire has been selling down some of its prized assets, including part of its stake in Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and a large chunk of its holdings in wireless carrier T-Mobile US Inc. SoftBank has said it wants to buffer its cash reserves to help withstand the economic effects of spread of Covid-19. It’s also under pressure from Paul Singer’s activist investment firm Elliott Management Corp., which has called on the company to boost stockholder value through buybacks and governance changes.
Arm sells semiconductor designs and also licenses the fundamentals of how chips communicate with software, known as an instruction set. That blueprint underpins much of modern electronics and is the core value of the company. Even some companies that design their own chips, such as Apple Inc., do so using Arm’s instruction set.
When SoftBank bought Arm, the two unveiled a strategy to rapidly increase the chip technology company’s reach by going on a hiring binge and increasing its chip-design efforts. The plan, according to Arm Chief Executive Officer Simon Segars, was to prioritize expansion and investment before eventually reining in costs in preparation for a return to the public markets.
Any customer trying to acquire Arm would trigger regulatory scrutiny. Other companies using its technology would likely oppose a deal and demand assurances that a new owner would continue to provide equal access to Arm’s instruction set. Such concerns resulted in a neutral company -- SoftBank -- buying Arm the last time it was for sale.