Quantum Computing and AI: A Perfect Match?

What happens when you link together the two leading disruptive IT technologies? A new field with almost unlimited research and development potential.

June 17, 2024

1 Min Read
Futuristic quantum AI illustration

It's a marriage that could only happen in cyberspace: quantum computing and artificial intelligence. 

Quantum AI is a burgeoning computer science sector, dedicated to exploring the potential synergy that exists between quantum computing and AI, says Gushu Li, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Engineering and Applied Science, in an email interview.

"It seeks to apply principles from quantum mechanics to enhance AI algorithms." A growing number of researchers now believe that AI models developed with quantum computing will soon outpace classical computing AI development. 

Quantum AI creates an intersection between quantum computing and artificial intelligence, observes Román Orús, chief scientific officer at quantum computing software development firm Multiverse Computing, via email. He notes that quantum computing has the potential to take AI to entirely new levels of performance.

"For instance, it's possible to develop quantum neural networks that teach a quantum computer to detect anomalies, do image recognition, and other tasks." Orús adds that it's also possible to improve traditional AI methods by using quantum-inspired approaches to dramatically reduce the development and training costs of large language models (LLMs). 

Related:Assessing the State of Quantum Data Centers: Promises vs. Reality

Potential Applications 

Combining the quantum physics properties of superposition and entanglement, which can perform limitless processes simultaneously with machine learning and AI, and suddenly it's possible to do more than ever imagined, says Tom Patterson, emerging technology security lead at business advisory firm Accenture, via email.

"Unfortunately, that includes being used by adversaries to crack our encryption and develop new and insidious ways to separate us from our information, valuables, and anything else we hold dear." 

Read the rest of this article in InformationWeek.

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