One of Project Rhizome's concepts is a community swimming pool heated by server exhaust heat from an integrated data center (Image/Concept: Project Rhizome)

One of Project Rhizome's concepts is a community swimming pool heated by server exhaust heat from an integrated data center (Image/Concept: Project Rhizome)

Startup Envisions Data Centers for Cities of the Future

Design theme art

This month, we focus on data center design. We’ll look into design best practices, examine in depth some of the most interesting recent design trends, explore new ideas, and talk with leading data center design experts.

rhizome (rī′zōm′) – a horizontal, usually underground stem that often sends out roots and shoots from its nodes.

Sometimes, people outside of a particular field get ideas for the field that are better than any insiders are capable of, being unencumbered by knowledge of what has and hasn’t worked in the past, or preconceptions about the “right” ways of doing things. Of course, lack of expertise makes them capable of coming up with some of the worst ideas too.

Founders of one European data center design startup aren’t sure at this point where on that continuum their ideas fall, and they don’t pretend to be. What they’re trying to do is envision people’s relationship with computing in the near future and the physical form that relationship will take.

The people behind Tallinn, Estonia-based Project Rhizome don’t all have background in data centers. Two of the three founders have backgrounds in design and architecture, and the third comes from the world of IT. But they believe their architecture sensibility brings a useful perspective to data center design, a perspective that will presumably grow in importance as more and more data storage and processing capacity moves into densely populated areas.

“There’s a level of infrastructure that seems to be missing right now,” Ivan Sergejev, one of Project Rhizome founders, says. That’s computing infrastructure that occupies the same spaces people in cities occupy, as opposed to gigantic warehouse-type facilities hidden away in suburbs or rural areas. While the need for those massive data centers is unlikely to ever go away, web content, cloud services, and the explosion of devices connected to the internet – the Internet of Things – may create a need for more data storage and processing capacity directly where the end users are.

Read more: How Edge Data Center Providers are Changing the Internet’s Geography

The Project Rhizome team is thinking of ways to design small urban data centers so they fit in urban environments functionally, economically, and aesthetically. Imagine exhaust heat from server racks helping keep water warm in an all-season community swimming pool; or a four-story data center where one side of the building is a bouldering wall; or a community playground with rows of IT racks under a skateboarding ramp. Those are some of their ideas.

Project Rhizome data center playground concept

One Project Rhizome concept is a community playground integrated with a small data center (Image/Concept: Project Rhizome)

The running themes here are multi-use and physical beauty. If a data center facility has a function beyond storing and processing data, and if doesn’t look ugly or boring, it will be easier to find room for it in the dense and busy urban environment. “When technology comes within close proximity to people, it finds itself in need of a human interface,” the company says on its website.

A “Crazy Architecture Thesis”

Sergejev, a Russian-born Estonian, whose time today is divided between Estonia and Holland, originally came up with the idea for Project Rhizome in his master’s thesis at Virginia Tech. He studied architecture in the US on a Fulbright scholarship after getting a degree from the Estonian Academy of Arts in Tallinn. It was, as he describes it, a “crazy architecture thesis,” where he proposed everything from robotics to liquid cooling. But a few years later, when things like edge computing started emerging in the press, some of the ideas started looking less and less crazy.

The company is still at an early stage, working on defining exactly what it is going to do and who its clients are going to be. Sergejev and his co-founders are still “probing, poking around,” he says. We “haven’t proven the fact that we’re all that necessary just yet. The idea itself is pretty strong, so we need to find a way to implement it.”

Project Rhizome data center bouldering wall

A multi-story data center could double as a bouldering facility (Image/Concept: Project Rhizome)

Some of the potential clients they plan to reach out to are colocation providers, who may need more data center capacity in cities than they have today. While there are colocation facilities in all major cities, they are extremely expensive to operate, and it is very difficult to secure real estate, power, and permits to build new ones. Design can solve many of those problems, Sergejev says.

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About the Author

San Francisco-based business and technology journalist. Editor in chief at Data Center Knowledge, covering the global data center industry.

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  1. Julie Brokaw

    Very interesting topic. As battery and storage options mature I can imagine micro-data centers being strategically located along the electric grid or micro-grid powered by on-site DC solar power systems. These data centers would use and control the battery and energy dispatch for this portion of the grid as well as serve its other clients.