How Server Virtualization Impacts Storage

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Heidi Biggar is a Solutions Marketing Principal for Hitachi Data Systems.

Heidi BiggersHEIDI BIGGAR
Hitachi Data Systems.

Organizations are enthusiastically deploying server virtualization because of the immediate benefits it provides. As a result, deployment of server virtualization has never been higher – in spite of the economy. In fact, many organizations today have adopted “virtualize first” policies to help reduce capital (e.g., hardware, software, etc.) and operational (e.g., management) costs as well as improve underlying business processes.

But while most organizations understand the value of a virtualized server infrastructure to their businesses moving forward, many make the critical mistake of either downplaying or overlooking completely the important role storage plays in these environments and the cost-savings potential with different types of architectures.

Fact: Server virtualization puts new demands on storage environments and data protection processes. Fact: Server virtualization creates new opportunities for organizations to improve business resilience. Fact: Server virtualization gives organizations the flexibility they need to respond to changing business requirements. Fiction: All storage architectures are created equally.

This article takes a high-level look at the role storage plays in a virtualized server environment, the types of features organizations should look for, some of the additive benefits of a virtualized server and storage environment, and the business continuity/disaster recovery connection.

Scaling “Up” and “Out”
While selecting the right storage is important during all phases of server virtualization deployment, it becomes increasingly critical as the scope of these environments widens to include more business-critical applications and the virtual machine (VM) count reaches the hundreds or thousands range.

As environments scale, previously manageable storage issues (e.g., issues related to cost and complexity) can quickly become unmanageable, and in the process, can erode important efficiencies gained on the server virtualization side.

A key concern is storage sprawl. Similar to server sprawl, storage sprawl results from organizations having to deploy net-new systems to meet application demands for more capacity and performance. In storage circles, “scale out” is being commonly used to refer to storage architectures that scale in this fashion. “Scale up,” in turn, refers to architectures that have the ability to meet the same capacity/performance requirements natively – that is, within the same physical foot print. In other words, it keeps organizations from having to build out unnecessary infrastructure (storage, network, etc.) to support the virtualized server environment.

The less infrastructure there is to buy, manage, protect and maintain, the bigger the potential cost-savings for organizations. The fewer infrastructures there are, the less floor space that’s needed, the less energy that’s needed to power and cool the environment, and, importantly, the less administration time that’s needed to manage the systems, and so on.

Storage architectures that enable organizations to scale “up” and “out” have clear advantages particularly in performance-demanding environments (e.g., environments with more than 2,500 virtual machines). This type of architecture analysts contend provide the best of both worlds: the flexibility of a “scale out” architecture to meet specific application, site or geography requirements and the efficiency and cost-savings benefits of a “scale up” architecture.

Heterogeneous storage virtualization is the key enabler of “scale up and out” storage architectures. It provides organizations with access to storage capacity and performance across their data center. Thin provisioning, if available, then doles out the capacity and performance to applications as needed, and if available, dynamic tiering then stores data on the appropriate tier of disk based on its importance to the organization, risk factors and access patterns.

Side Effects of Server Virtualization

Economically Superior Storage Architectures
Price does not equal cost. In fact, in the case of storage, it’s estimated that acquisition costs account for just 20 percent of its total cost. CAPEX and OPEX costs such as hardware and software depreciation and maintenance; labor; floor space and power; data protection and disaster recovery; and data management/mobility account for the other 80%.

This point is extremely important point for organizations to remember when selecting storage systems for virtualized environments.

Features like thin provisioning, storage virtualization, dynamic tiering and data migration can have a significant impact on CAPEX and OPEX costs; they can produce a level of cost reduction and savings for organizations that is complementary, or additive to, the benefits of server virtualization.

However, it is important to stress again that not all storage architectures are created equally. Economically superior storage architectures are able to tier, thin and virtualize heterogeneous storage environments.

Finally, it’s also important to note that cost savings are just one dimension of the transformation this type of architecture can enable. Other benefits include improved levels of efficiency, IT agility and improved application resiliency, for which end-to-end (server to storage) virtualization is a prerequisite.

Improved Business Resilience
By reducing the overall number of physical servers needed to support its business, organizations are able to extend protection to more applications and data types.

Doing so has important cost-saving benefits. In challenging economic times, having proven, extensible disaster recovery and business continuity processes in place is more important than ever before. Downtime from system failures translates to lower productivity and lost revenue. In fact, an Enterprise Storage Group 2009 study finds that 85 percent of all companies that suffer a major data loss or significant downtime are out of business within a year. Even brief outages can drastically affect customer satisfaction and employee productivity.

While server virtualization is the primary means to improved business continuity and disaster recovery and reduced business risk, storage is an integral component. For example, how (e.g., synchronously or asynchronously) and where (e.g., at system- or host-level) the replication is done can have significant business and IT implications, affecting recovery capabilities as well as physical and virtual server performance.

Also, similar to server virtualization, storage virtualization reduces the physical resources that must be deployed, managed, and protected. This gives organizations the ability to extend protection to additional applications and data with the same or fewer resources and the same or fewer dollars.

Industry Perspectives is a content channel at Data Center Knowledge highlighting thought leadership in the data center arena. See our guidelines and submission process for information on participating. View previously published Industry Perspectives in our Knowledge Library.

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